Author Topic: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?  (Read 1632 times)


Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« on: December 05, 2007, 04:51:32 pm »
Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?

He was born on April 7, 1871, in Malabon, Rizal, the only son of Escolastico de los Santos and Antonia Cristobal.

On May 16, 1925, he was appointed as a director of Philippine Library and Museum by Governor Leonard Wood.

One day a reader went to the library to read something on Concepcion Bagay, the first Filipino Cartographer. He approached Don Epifanio and told him what he wanted. Knowing perhaps that the visitor was unfamiliar with the Filipiniana Division, Don Epifanio went personally to look for the materials he needed and readily handed them to the visitor.

The library employees were amazed at the ease and exactness with which he pulled out the bundles that contained the desired information. He was asked why he did not ask his clerks to look up the materials.

He answered: "all of us here are servants of the reading public. I am the head of the servants and I must show that I know better than any of the servants where the materials are found. I want to show that our service here is efficient and that we are really working to serve.”



Epifanio de los Santos (April 7, 1871–April 18, 1928) was a Filipino historian. He was appointed director of the Philippine National Museum and Library by Governor General Leonard Wood in 1925.

Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (commonly known as EDSA), the main road through Metro Manila, is named after him.

Born in 1871 in Malabon, Rizal, De los Santos was the first Filipino member of the Spanish Royal Academy in Madrid. He studied at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree and at the University of Santo Tomas where he finished his law studies.

De los Santos was considered one of the best Filipino writers in Spanish of his time, next only to Marcelo H. del Pilar.

As a nationalist, De los Santos was associate editor of the revolutionary paper La Independencia, writing in scathing prose under the pen name G. Solon. He also co-founded the newspaper Libertad.

De los Santos was well traveled, going to many places in Europe searching for rare Philippine documents in big museums and European libraries.

De los Santos had made a large body of works on Philippine literature, arts, music politics and biographies of great and notable Filipinos. He also translated Filipino literary works into Spanish, notably Balagtas’ Florante at Laura.

Aside from his intense passion for the arts and culture, Don Panyong as he was fondly called was into politics. He was appointed district attorney of San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. He was later elected as governor of Nueva Ecija. After his stint as governor, he was appointed provincial fiscal of Bulacan and Bataan provinces. On the side, he devoted his spare time to researches in Philippine history and literature establishing himself as a historian, bibliographer and collector of Filipiniana. His collections where destroyed when a fire hit his house in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija.

The last and most significant position De los Santos held was as director of the Philippine National Museum and Library, to which he appointed by Gov. Gen. Leonard Wood in 1925.

He died on April 18, 1928.


« Last Edit: December 05, 2007, 04:53:39 pm by Rockford »


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #1 on: December 05, 2007, 04:59:54 pm »
EDSA: Freedom highway is country�s busiest artery

It has been described as a little microcosm of society�a little world�- holding cups of dreams, laughter and tears.

But writer S. Quijano was not talking about an idyllic scene. He was referring to Epifanio delos Santos Avenue (EDSA), the country�s busiest artery of commerce and transportation.

Stretching some 54 kilometers, EDSA serves as a lifeline for hundreds of thousands of Filipinos passing or doing business in Metro Manila.

EDSA forms a major part of the circumferential roads in Metro Manila. From the south, it passes through five cities � Pasay, Makati, Mandaluyong, Quezon City, and Caloocan. Its southern endpoint is at the rotunda near the SM Mall of Asia in Pasay City while its northern point is at Monumento in Caloocan City near the Andres Bonifacio monument.

When the avenue was constructed in 1940 by engineers led by Florencio Moreno and Osmundo L. Monsod, it was first named as North and South Circumferential Road. But at the end of World War II, the American occupiers changed the name to Highway 54.

But in 1959, by virtue of Republic Act 2140, the highway was renamed in honor of Epifanio de los Santos, a famous son of the province of Rizal.

During the late 1970s, the highway�s name was abbreviated by bus conductors to EDSA.

Epifanio who?

Epifanio delos Santos, famously known as Don Panyong, according to historian Gregorio F. Zaide, was one of the intellectual titans produced by the Philippines after Rizal.

He was a lawyer, journalist, historian, philosopher, bibliophile, biographer, painter, poet, musician, literary critic, antique collector, and librarian. He was the first Filipino to be admitted to the Real Academia Espa�ola, which even Jose Rizal failed to achieve.

He was born April 7, 1871 in Malabon, Rizal province. People from Rizal province consider him their province�s first intellectual. He topped the bar exams. He was a member of the Malolos Congress, and served as fiscal of Nueva Ecija.

At the time of his death on April 18, 1928 at the age 57, he was the director of the National Library and Museum.

His assistant then, the late Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez, was a prime mover in renaming Highway 54 to EDSA, but he died before his dream was realized.

It was Juan Francisco Sumulong, a lawmaker from Rizal province and a classmate from his law school days at the University of Sto. Tomas, who continued the campaign. "There are praiseworthy sons of the province. Why are we always borrowing from the honor of others?" Sumulong asked.

In between name changes, the Americans wanted it called (Gen Douglas) McArthur Highway, supporters of the late President Ramon Magsaysay wanted it named after him, while loyalists of Rizal fought for 19 de Junio, the national hero�s birthday.

EDSA won, supported by a number of associations including the Philippines Historical Committee, Philippines Historical Association, Philippines Library Association, Association of University and College Professors, Philippine China Cultural Association, and Philippine National Historical Society.

Eyewitness to history

EDSA has also been dubbed the "Freedom Highway" for being the site of two peaceful demonstrations that toppled the administration of two presidents, Ferdinand Marcos and Joseph Estrada.

The first people power revolt � EDSA 1 � was a revolution without precedent. Men, women, and children armed only with crucifixes, images of the Blessed Virgin Mary, songs and rosaries formed themselves into human barricades. Armed only with their courage and determination, they forced the retreat of heavily armed Marines supported by tanks. The Marcos forces surrendered to the might of the people. Corazon Aquino took over power and Marcos fled. Thus, the country regained democracy through people power.

Some portions of the event were replicated in 2001 when the people rose up anew on January 21, 2001 during EDSA II. The protesters forced President Joseph Estrada to step down and installed President Arroyo.

Broken dreams

EDSA has since been a witness to progress and the flow of the current times.

The road, once envisioned by President Manuel L. Quezon to become the most beautiful highway in the entire country, now has mammoth structures including hotels, restaurants, palacious houses, shopping centers and schools along its side.

"Ang EDSA noon ay parang marshland. Parang deserted at ang prominenteng gusali lang ay ang Institucion Tereciana, the forerunner of Poveda," said Manila Bulletin Editor Nits Trinidad.

Now, Camp Crame, SM Megamall, the People Power Monument, and Poveda in Ortigas are some of the road�s landmarks.

Pink fences and pink urinals are all over the sidewalks. Walls with MMDA grafitti and a jungle of billboards on the skyline can be seen.

The Metro Rail Transit, or MRT Line 3, of the metropolis�s railway system, runs along most of EDSA, from Taft Avenue in the south to North Avenue near the SM City Mall in northern EDSA. Future expansion of the MRT will extend it all the way to Monumento.

But gone were the days when one could take an early morning walk along the stretch of the highway and breath fresh air.

Tens of thousands of smoke-belching vehicles ply on EDSA every day posing health hazards and heavy traffic.

There�s hope though. The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) continues to undertake various programs to ease traffic congestion along the highway, reduce pollution, and instill discipline among commuters and motorists.



Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #2 on: December 05, 2007, 05:53:10 pm »
Salamat sa dagdag info Sir Telesforo !!!!



Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #3 on: December 05, 2007, 08:16:23 pm »
nice post dagdag kaalaman


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #4 on: December 05, 2007, 09:27:12 pm »

ok to thanx sa info


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #5 on: December 05, 2007, 09:55:43 pm »
hehe! ganon pala..matagal ng na ikwento to ng papa ko kasi De los Santos din kami, infact my real name is EDSA din.  Elvar Delos Santos --- Avenue  laffman::
Observe your enemies for they first find out your faults.


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #6 on: December 08, 2007, 09:38:42 am »
kung di to na post wala talaga akong ka alam-alam about sa EDSA.

salamat sa info mga klasmeyts.  psrulez::


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #7 on: December 08, 2007, 09:57:25 am »
According to Renato Constantino in his book "Philippines: A Past Revisited", Epifanio Delos Santos was the one who sentenced Macario Sakay to die. He was also the father of Jose P. Santos who famous for his collections of documents about the Philippine Revolution. Most of his documents became the sources of Teodoro Agoncillo's classic book "The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Andres Bonifacio and Katipunan."


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #8 on: December 08, 2007, 10:10:38 am »
Ahhhhh ganun ba yun? ::) Akala ko kase alamat yung EDSA..  isang hari si EDSA pero nagalit ang diyos sa kanya dahil inaapakan nya lahat mga tao sa kaharian nya kaya nagpasya ang panginoon na bigyan siya ng sumpa.. ayan siya naman ang inaapakan.. laffman::  Gulong ng palad.. laffman::


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #9 on: December 08, 2007, 01:33:18 pm »

Smitty Werben Man Jensen

Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #10 on: December 08, 2007, 01:35:17 pm »

Ang gwapo  laffman::


Re: Who is Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA)?
« Reply #11 on: December 08, 2007, 07:41:32 pm »
thanks sa bagong kaalaman na na ishare mo samin brod!